Cervical cancers are recognised by how they look under a microscope.
Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of cervical cancer. It develops in the thin flat cells called squamous cells, which are found on the surface of your cervix and vagina. These cells are like skin cells.
Cervical adenocarcinomas are less common. They develop in the gland cells that make mucus in the cervical canal. These cells are shaped like columns.
Adenosquamous carcinomas, mixed carcinomas, clear-cell and small-cell carcinomas are rarer forms of cervical cancer.
221+ Patient Support Group thanks the Irish Cancer Society for permission to use the text of their booklet Cervical Cancer, What You Should Know
and acknowledges the contribution of the original authors of the booklet.